Kako namestiti macOS High Sierra v VirtualBox v sistemu Windows 10

Ne glede na to, ali želite občasno preizkusiti spletno mesto v Safariju ali preizkusiti malo programske opreme v okolju Mac, je dostop do najnovejše različice macOS v navideznem računalniku koristen. Na žalost tega v resnici ne bi smeli početi - tako da je zagon macOS-a v programu VirtualBox najmanj zapleten.

Posodobitev: Tu navedena navodila veljajo za starejše različice macOS. Če želite v VirtualBox namestiti novejšo različico macOS, si oglejte ta skript na GitHub. Obljublja vas, da vas bo popeljal skozi postopek namestitve in nastavitve navideznega računalnika macOS. Sami tega še nismo preizkusili, slišali pa smo dobre stvari.

Vendar ni nemogoče. Nekateri na forumih InsanelyMac so ugotovili postopek, ki deluje. Edino, kar  ne deluje, je zvok, ki je iz nekega razloga močno popačen ali ga sploh ni. Razen tega pa je to macOS High Sierra, ki v VirtualBoxu deluje nemoteno.

Da bi ljudem stvari nekoliko olajšali, smo združili metode iz nekaj različnih niti foruma v eno, korak za korakom vadnico, skupaj s posnetki zaslona. Potopimo se noter.

POVEZANE: Začetnik Geek: Kako ustvariti in uporabljati navidezne stroje

OPOMBA: Če želite, da to deluje, potrebujete dostop do pravega Mac-a, da prenesete High Sierro. Predvidevamo, da bi lahko ISO Sierra ISO dobili z drugimi sredstvi, vendar ga ne priporočamo. Če ga še nimate, si izposodite prijateljev Mac za eno uro in bi morali biti v redu - vse po prvem koraku te vadnice lahko naredite v računalniku z operacijskim sistemom Windows.

Če uporabljate Mac in želite na tem računalniku uporabljati navidezni stroj macOS, priporočamo, da si ogledate Parallels Desktop Lite, saj lahko navidezne računalnike macOS ustvari brezplačno in je z njimi veliko lažje delati.

Ste pripravljeni za začetek? Skočimo noter!

Prvi korak: Ustvarite datoteko ISO macOS High Sierra

Za začetek bomo morali ustvariti datoteko ISO namestitvenega programa macOS High Sierra, da jo bomo lahko naložili v VirtualBox na našem računalniku Windows. Zgrabite izposojeni Mac, pojdite v trgovino Mac App Store, poiščite Sierro in kliknite »Prenos«.

Ko je postopek končan, se bo zagnal namestitveni program - to je v redu, samo zaprite ga z Command + Q. Ne želimo nadgraditi Mac vašega prijatelja; potrebujemo samo prenesene datoteke.

Za pretvorbo teh datotek v ISO bomo morali uporabiti Terminal, ki ga najdete v meniju Applications> Utilities.

Najprej zaženite naslednji ukaz, da ustvarite prazno sliko diska:

hdiutil create -o /tmp/HighSierra.cdr -size 7316m -razporeditev SPUD -fs HFS + J  

Nato namestite prazno sliko:

hdiutil priložite /tmp/HighSierra.cdr.dmg -noverify -nobrowse -mountpoint / Volumes / install_build

Zdaj boste BaseSystem.dmg obnovili iz namestitvenega programa na novo nameščeno sliko:

asr restore -source / Applications / Install \ macOS \ High \ Sierra.app/Contents/SharedSupport/BaseSystem.dmg -target / Volumes / install_build -noprompt -noverify -erase

Upoštevajte, da se je po tem ime naše ciljne točke namestitve spremenilo v »OS X osnovni sistem / sistem«. Skoraj si končal! Snemite sliko:

hdiutil detach / Volumes / OS \ X \ Base \ System

In na koncu pretvorite sliko, ki ste jo ustvarili, v datoteko ISO:

hdiutil convert /tmp/HighSierra.cdr.dmg -format UDTO -o /tmp/HighSierra.iso

Premaknite ISO na namizje:

mv /tmp/HighSierra.iso.cdr ~ / Desktop / HighSierra.iso

In imate zagonsko datoteko High Sierra ISO!

Kopirajte ga v napravo Windows z velikim bliskovnim pogonom, zunanjim trdim diskom ali prek lokalnega omrežja.

Drugi korak: ustvarite svoj navidezni stroj v programu VirtualBox

Nato pojdite na računalnik z operacijskim sistemom Windows in namestite VirtualBox, če tega še niste storili, in se prepričajte, da imate najnovejšo različico (starejše različice morda ne bodo delovale.)

Odprite ga in kliknite gumb »Novo«. Poimenujte svoj navidezni stroj »High Sierra« in izberite »Mac OS X« za operacijski sistem in »Mac OS X (64-bit)« za različico (od tega napisa »macOS High Sierra« ni na voljo, vendar to je vredu.)

Nadaljujte s postopkom. Za pomnilnik priporočamo, da uporabite vsaj 4096 MB, čeprav se lahko odločite za več, če imate na računalniku Windows dovolj RAM-a.

Nato vas bodo vprašali o trdem disku. Izberite »Ustvari navidezni trdi disk zdaj« in kliknite Ustvari.

Izberite VDI za vrsto trdega diska in kliknite Naprej. Vprašani boste, ali želite dinamično velik pogon ali ga popraviti. Priporočamo fiksno velikost, saj je nekoliko hitrejša, čeprav bo v računalniku z operacijskim sistemom Windows zavzela nekaj več prostora na trdem disku.

Kliknite Naprej. Vprašani boste, kako velik pogon želite; priporočamo vsaj 25 GB, kar je dovolj za OS in nekaj aplikacij. Odvisno od vašega prostora za shranjevanje bi lahko ponudili več, vendar menimo, da v resnici ne morete uporabiti veliko manj od tega.

Kliknite med pozivi in ​​ustvarili ste vnos za svoj navidezni stroj! Zdaj je čas, da naredimo malo konfiguracije.

Tretji korak: Konfigurirajte svoj navidezni stroj v VirtualBoxu

V glavnem oknu VirtualBox bi morali videti svoj navidezni stroj.

Select it, then click the big yellow “Settings” button. First, head to “System” in the left sidebar. On the Motherboard tab, make sure that “Floppy” is unchecked.

Next head to the “Processor” tab, and make sure you have at least two CPUs allocated to the virtual machine.

Next, click “Display” in the left sidebar, and make sure Video Memory is set to at least 128MB.

Next, click “Storage” in the left sidebar, then click the “Empty” CD drive. Click the CD icon at the top right, then browse to the High Sierra ISO file you created earlier.

Be sure to click “OK” to finalize all the changes you’ve made, then close VirtualBox. No, seriously: close VirtualBox now, or the next steps won’t work.

Step Four: Configure Your Virtual Machine From The Command Prompt

We’ve made a few tweaks, but we need to make a few more more in order to convince the operating system it’s running on a real Mac. Sadly, there are no options for this from VirtualBox’s interface, so you’ll need to open the Command Prompt.

Open the Start Menu, search for “Command Prompt,” then right-click it and select “Run as administrator.”

You need to run a number commands, in order. Paste the following commands, pressing Enter after each one and waiting for it to complete:

cd "C:Program FilesOracleVirtualBox"
VBoxManage.exe modifyvm "High Sierra" --cpuidset 00000001 000306a9 04100800 7fbae3ff bfebfbff
VBoxManage setextradata "High Sierra" "VBoxInternal/Devices/efi/0/Config/DmiSystemProduct" "MacBookPro11,3"
VBoxManage setextradata "High Sierra" "VBoxInternal/Devices/efi/0/Config/DmiSystemVersion" "1.0"
VBoxManage setextradata "High Sierra" "VBoxInternal/Devices/efi/0/Config/DmiBoardProduct" "Mac-2BD1B31983FE1663"
VBoxManage setextradata "High Sierra" "VBoxInternal/Devices/smc/0/Config/DeviceKey" "ourhardworkbythesewordsguardedpleasedontsteal(c)AppleComputerInc"
VBoxManage setextradata "High Sierra" "VBoxInternal/Devices/smc/0/Config/GetKeyFromRealSMC" 1

That’s it! If everything worked, you shouldn’t see any feedback; the commands will simply run. If the command did not work, make sure your virtual machine is named “High Sierra” exactly; if it isn’t, edit the commands above putting your machine’s name in the quotes. Go ahead and close the Command Prompt. We’re heading back to VirtualBox now.

Step Five: Boot and Run The Installer

Re-open VirtualBox, click your Sierra machine, then click “Start.” Your machine will start to boot. You will see a lot of superfluous information as this happens—and I mean a lot—but don’t worry about it. It’s normal, even some of the things that look like errors.

You should only worry if a specific error hangs for five minutes or more. Just walk away and let it run for a bit. If you’ve done everything right, it’ll boot.

Eventually, you’ll see the installer asking you to pick a language:

Pick “English,” or whatever language you prefer, then click “Next.” Before you do anything else, however, click “Disk Utility” then “Continue.”

You won’t see the drive: don’t panic, High Sierra hides blank drives by default. In the menu bar, click “View” followed by “Show All Devices.”

You should now see your empty virtual drive in the sidebar. Click it, then click the “Erase” option.

Name the drive “Macintosh HD,” and leave the other two settings as-is: “Mac OS Extended Journaled” and “GUID Partition Map”. Do not create an AFS partition, because it will not work and you’ll have to start over with a new virtual hard drive. Click “Erase,” then close Disk Utility when the process is complete. You’ll be brought back to the main window.

Select “Reinstall macOS” then click “Continue.” You’ll be asked to agree with the terms.

Agree and you’ll eventually be asked to choose a hard drive; select the partition you just made.

The installation will begin! This might take a while, so be patient. Eventually your virtual machine will restart and take you…back to the installer. Don’t panic: this is to be expected.

Step Six: Boot Installer Stage Two From the Virtual Hard Drive

At this point the installer has copied files onto the virtual hard drive, and expects to boot from there. For whatever reason this does not work on the virtual machine, which is why you’re seeing the installer again.

Turn off your virtual machine and open its settings. Head to Storage, click “HighSierra.iso” in the “Storage Tree” panel, then click the CD icon at top-right and click “Remove Disk from Virtual Drive.” This will completely disconnect our installation ISO.

Now start up the virtual machine and you’ll see this lovely screen.

This is the EFI Internal Shell, and as long as you see “FS1” listed in yellow, you can use it to launch the rest of the installer. Click the virtual machine and allow it to capture you mouse and keyboard, then type fs1: and hit Enter. This will switch directories to FS1, where the rest of the installer is located.

Next we’re going to run a few commands in order to switch to the directory we need:

cd "macOS Install Data" cd "Locked Files" cd "Boot Files"

Now we can run the installer itself with the following command:

boot.efi

The installer will pick up where it left off. First you’ll see a series of text, like before, but eventually you’ll see the GUI installer come back. (Don’t worry, you only have to go through this process once.)

We’re getting there, just need a little bit more patience.

Step Eight: Log Into macOS High Sierra

Eventually the virtual machine will reboot again, this time into macOS High Sierra. If that doesn’t happen, try ejecting the ISO from the Virtual Machine. When High Sierra does boot, you’ll need to go through choosing your country, setting up a user, and the rest of the initial setup process.

Eventually, you’ll make it to the Mac desktop. Yay!

You can now try out any Mac software, though some functions, like FaceTime and Messages, won’t work because Apple won’t recognize your computer as a real Mac. But a lot of the basic stuff should work. Have fun!

Step Eight (Optional): Change Your Resolution

By default, your virtual machine will have a resolution of 1024×768, which is not a lot of room to work with. If you try to change the resolution from within macOS, however, you will see no option to do so. Instead, you need to enter a few commands.

Shut down your Virtual Machine by shutting down macOS: click the Apple in the menu bar, then click “Shut Down.” Next, close VirtualBox entirely (seriously, this step will not work if VirtualBox is still open!) and head back to Windows’ Command Prompt as an admin. You need to run the following two commands:

cd "C:Program FilesOracleVirtualBox"
VBoxManage setextradata "High Sierra" "VBoxInternal2/EfiGopMode" N

In the second command, you need to replace the N with a number from one to five, depending on what resolution you want:

  • 1 gives you a resolution of 800×600
  • 2 gives you a resolution of 1024×768
  • 3 gives you a resolution of 1280×1024
  • 4 gives you a resolution of 1440×900
  • 5 gives you a resolution of 1920×1200

Start up VirtualBox, load up your virtual machine, and it should boot to your preferred resolution!

RELATED:10 VirtualBox Tricks and Advanced Features You Should Know About

Odslej lahko VirtualBox odprete za vsa preizkušanja, povezana z Macom, ki jih želite opraviti. Med ponovnim zagonom boste videli veliko napak, vendar so v redu; jih ignorirajte. Upoštevajte tudi, da zvok ne bo deloval, pa tudi stvari, kot sta FaceTime ali iMessage, ki zahtevata pravi Mac. To ne bo popolno, kar je pričakovati od povsem nepodprte nastavitve. Ampak to je macOS, v navideznem računalniku, in to ni slabo! Ne pozabite si ogledati našega vodnika po naprednih funkcijah VirtualBox, da boste kar najbolje izkoristili tudi svojo napravo.

Še nekaj: velik krik Chadu S. Samuelsu, brez katerega ne bi mogel posodobiti tega vodnika za High Sierro. Najlepša hvala!